Marko’s towers

9G6Q+VJ Prilep, North Macedonia

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Markovi Kuli or Marko’s Towers (Macedonian: Маркови Кули) are situated to the northwest of Prilep, Macedonia just above the village of Varoš. The towers of Macedonian medieval Prince Marko Mrnjavčević are located on a 120-180 m high hill, surrounded by steep slopes covered with minute granite stones. The upper part of the former settlement can be reached from its north and south side.During the four-decade archaeological research, remnants indicating the existence of an early antique settlement — Keramija, were found. In the Roman period, this small village expanded into the southwest, a fact suggested by the several marble ornaments of an early Christian basilica.

Ruins at Markovi Kuli The rampart on this terrain dates from the 13th and 14th centuries and is in good condition. The walls are about one meter thick and were built of limestone mortar and rest upon the large limestone rocks.Internal walls separated the acropolis into smaller areas. The palace of Macedonian King Vukašin and his son Marko was also situated here. Its north gate has a compound foundation – an evidence for of numerous reconstructions of the space. According to some historical findings, until the second part of the 14th century and even later, this fortress was defended by only 40 soldiers.

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Always

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Stone town of Kuklica

Kuklici, Stone Dolls, North Macedonia

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Kuklica is located 8 km northwest of Kratovo. The stone formations are situated on the right bank of the Kriva River valley. The area has an altitude of 415-420 m and extends over an area of 0.3 square km.

There are three main legends surrounding the formation of the strange stone pillars in Kuklica. The most famous legend is that of a man who could not decide which of two women he should marry. So, the man planned to marry each woman on the same day at different times. When the first wedding was in progress, the second woman to marry the man went to see who was getting married on the same day as she. When she saw her future husband marrying another woman, she cursed all in attendance at the wedding and turned them into stone.

There is another variation of the first legend to the story. That it was a woman that was in love with a man who already loved another woman. They planned to marry and on their wedding day, the brokenhearted woman cursed everyone and turned them into stone.

Another popular legend is that there was once a forest in the area, but due to battles it was burned down. Then, the area became a wasteland. The temperatures were very low and when the army passed through the wasteland, all of the soldiers turned into rocks.

According to the local villagers, new figures appear every 5-6 years. There are four places at the Balkans where you can see this phenomenon, three of which are in North Macedonia.

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Kokino

North Macedonia

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Kokino is a Bronze Age archaeological site in the Republic of North Macedonia, approximately 30 km from the town of Kumanovo, and about 6 km from the Serbian border, in the Staro Nagoričane municipality. It is situated between about 1010 and 1030 m above sea level on the Tatićev Kamen summit and covers an area of about 90 by 50 meters, overlooking the eponymous hamlet of Kokino.

It was discovered by archeologist Jovica Stankovski, director of the national museum in Kumanovo, in 2001. In 2002, Stankovski together with Gorje Cenev (who is the head of a planetarium at a Youth Cultural Center in Skopje) published the claim that the site contains a “megalithic observatory and sacred site” (мегалитска опсерваторија и светилиште).

The wider Kokino archaeological site covers about 30 hectares. The oldest archaeological finds date from about the 19th century BC, corresponding to the early European Bronze Age. It shows signs of occupation for the period from the 19th to the 7th centuries BC. Finds from the Middle Bronze Age (c. 16th to 14th centuries BC) are the most numerous (mainly ceramic vessels, stone-mills, a few molds, and a pendant). An agglomeration from the Iron Age was discovered in 2009. The remains of vessels filled with offerings were found deposited in cracks in the rocks, which gave rise to the interpretation of the site as a “holy mountain”.

The Kokino “megalithic observatory” should be distinguished from the wider Kokino archaeological site. The claimed archaeoastronomical site has a combined area of about 5000 square meters and consists of two platforms with an elevation difference of 19 meters. The claim of the site representing an astronomical observatory was made by Stankovski and by Gjore Cenev in 2002. According to this interpretation, the site includes special stone markers used to track the movement of the Sun and Moon on the eastern horizon. The observatory used the method of stationary observation, marking positions of the Sun at the winter and summer solstice, as well as the equinox. Four stone seats or “thrones” are placed in a row on the lower platform. According to Cenev, a stone block with a marking on the upper platform marks the direction of sunrise on summer solstice when viewed from one of the seats. Kokino was briefly mentioned in a poster made by NASA’s “Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum” in 2005,  although in a recent survey of ancient “observatories”, the Kokino site was described as “a particularly problematic case”.

The Cultural Heritage Protection Office of Macedonia’s Ministry of Culture declared the site a “property under temporary protection” on 13 November 2008 (Decision nr. 08-1935/6). In 2009, Minister of Culture Elizabeta Kancheska-Milevska declared Kokino “one of the priorities of the Ministry of Culture’s 2009 programme”. In 2009, the Republic of Macedonia also suggested the site be inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage Site list.  After it’s formal nomination in 2011 for inclusion on the World Heritage List, the Kokino site’s nomination dossier was rejected because the number of possible observing points and markers could indicate an astronomical alignment by chance.

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Mount Baba

253M+8M Nizhepole, North Macedonia

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Mount Baba is a mountain in Macedonia near the city of Bitola. The highest peak is Pelisteri (2601m). Mount Baba is the third highest mountain in Macedonia after Mount Korab and Sharr.

Near the top of Pelister there are also Dva Groba (Two Tombs) (2514m), Veternica (2420m), Muza (2359m), Rzana (2334m), Shiroka (2218m), Kozji Kamen (Goat Stone) (2199m), Griva (2198m), Golema Cuka (2188m), Skrkovo (2140m) etc.
Mount Baba is a watershed of rivers flowing into the Adriatic Sea and across the Aegean Sea.

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Mali i Sharrit

Macedonia

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They lie in the south-east of Kosovo, starting from the vicinity of Prizren, and they go downhill with pyramid shaped peaks or peaks, one after the other, or as it was called by the antiquity, the Illyrian people, the peaks of the saxor, form consecutive characteristic figures in the heart of the Balkans. Sharr Mountains are known since antiquity in the documents of various authors, since the fifth century BC. named Mont Skardus, by Herodotus, who also describes the Illyrian tribes and their limitations. Over the centuries, these ranges served as a natural wall, defensive from barbaric attacks, towards Macedonia and Greece, where they were considered non-capable. Later, with the arrival of the Turks in the Balkans, Sharri Mountains were called Charles-dagh, in the Ottoman and European documents. The highest peak from the beginning of these ranges, it is thought that the name has a French origin, “Beautiful View” “le bonne”, which then remained in the people as the Mayan of Luboten which culminates 2553m above sea level.

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The City of Skopje

Qyteti i Shkupit
guida

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Skopje (Macedonian Скопје / Skopje) is the capital and largest city of Macedonia. During the Illyrian period Skopje was the capital of Dardania and was known as Scupi.

Albanians today account for about 33-35% of the population of Skopje.

The Skopje territory has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC; The remains of Neolithic settlements are found within the old Kale Castle that overlooks the city’s modern center (at Illyrian times). On the eve of the first century AD, the settlement was captured by the Romans and became a military camp. [1] [2] When the Roman Empire was divided into the eastern and western half in 395 AD, Scupi was conquered by Byzantine rule by Constantinople. For the most part of the Middle Ages, the city was contested between the Byzantine and the Bulgarian Empire, whose capital was between 972 and 992. In 1392, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, called Üsküp. The city remained under Turkish control for more than 500 years, serving as the capital of Pashasanjak of Üsküb and later Vilayet tr Kosovo. At that time the city was famous for its oriental architecture. In 1912, it was annexed by the Serb army during the Balkan wars [3] and after the First World War the city became part of the newly-formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia’s Manner). In the second world war, the city was captured by the Bulgarian army, which was part of the Axis powers. In 1944 it became the capital of democratic Macedonia (later the Socialist Republic of Macedonia), which was a federal state, part of the Federal Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). The city developed rapidly after the Second World War, but this trend was interrupted in 1963 when it was hit by a devastating earthquake. In 1991, it became the capital of an independent Macedonia.

Skopje is located in the upstream Vardar River and is located on a large north-south Balkan road between Belgrade and Athina. It is a center for processing metals, chemicals, wood, textiles, leather, and printing industries. The city’s industrial development is accompanied by the development of the trade, logistics and banking sector, as well as an emphasis on transport, culture and sports. According to the latest official number from 2002, Skopje has a population of 506,926; According to the two most recent unofficial estimates, the city has a population of 668,518 [4] or 491,000 inhabitants. [5] It is thought that over 35% are Albanian based on the number of pupils.

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24-24

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Monastery of Saint Naum

Shën Naumi manastir
guida

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Only 2 km from Tushemisht Customs is one of the largest monasteries in the entire region of Europe and the Balkans. You can approach a large lake-side park along the Drin River, which passes through the 20-hectare park with lush greenery dense and streamlined water with various decorative trees with many cypresses and rare birds like balls come around the monastery and it seems as if everything here came out of Andréssen’s fairy tale. You are closer to the Monastery and at the entrance there is a century-old gateway where above the port is a mosaic where a farmer appears, working the earth and on one side is an ox and on the other side a gold on the ox of the ox that the farmer works on the ground.there inside lies a large yard and within it lies the beautiful complex of the church of St. Naum with numerous wall paintings of saints where the central place occupies that of St. Naum. In another room is the grave of St. Naum, where many people make pilgrimages near the shrine of the saint.

St. Naum’s Legend

The legends, left over in the memory of the people of all fantasies, preserve the historical and cultural values ​​of peoples. Such is the legacy of St. Naum. So Naum has mounted a horse and has departed from Ohrid to Voskopoja. At the top of Plloça’s neck the horse chimes and refuses to move forward. Situated before this fact that he did not obey horse Na Naumi decides to recline and where the horse put his foot on a stone slab stamped by the foot of the foot of the horse of St. Naum (people and today at the place where the sign seems to throw ALL) .When Naum returned to the back went down to the Plloçë Neck and went through the village of Zagorcan and I wish “seeded grain and magic to you always full” When entering a Tushemisht village a herd of sheep and goat licked the flock dogs while a cowhide that was nearby with the horns of they saved Sa’d Naum from the dogs. After Naum bless the cows and curse the sheep of the goat that in this village do not ever paste. Through all the way the saint helps the grenadier and sh I take the sick Once I walk less than 2 km from Tushemishti I stand on a plateau beside the lake. Nearly it was the landowner. When Naumi begged the landlord to give little room for wanting to live there in the place he would blessed. The landowner told St. Naum that he would forgive all his land if he would heal the only daughter who had a mental illness and even a tulip. The Saint was able to fulfill the wish of the owner by healing the girl by washing the edge of the Drin and blessing the water there (where today there is a small building and people fill the blessed water and heal the sick with the blessed water from St. Naum) managed to take the owner’s land that heal the girl. But St. Naum was not enough for that land alone so I met another landowner who had the land adjacent to what St. Naumi had received. The prince was working upset because he had eaten one from the smooth bear. When Naumi tells him that he would force the bear to paddle on the ox and to work the land instead of the ox he had eaten. This is impossible said the owner but the saint accomplishes it and this miracle then the owner the second gave the promised land to St. Naum where today is the monastery bearing his name while on the main gate is the mosaic that the bear together with the cauldron worked ground and nearby St. Naumi.
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24-24

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The occurrence of Skopje at the Vardar River gives it a good geographical position. The eastern geographic length is 21º 26 ‘.

Skopje is located in the north of the Republic of Macedonia, in the center of the Balkans peninsula and halfway between Belgrade and Athens. The city was built in the Skopje valley, oriented to a western-eastern axis along the course of the Vardar River, which flows into the Aegean Sea in Greece. The valley is about 20 miles wide and is bordered by several rivers north and south. These restrictions limit the urban expansion of Skopje, which spreads along Vardar and Serava, a small river that comes from the north. In its administrative boundaries, the City of Skopje extends for more than 33 kilometers but is only 10 kilometers

Skopje is about 245 meters above sea level and covers 571.46 km2. The urbanized area covers only 337 km2, with a density of 65 inhabitants per hectare. Skopje, in its administrative boundaries, includes many villages and other settlements, including Dracevo, Gorno Nerezi and Bardovci. According to the 2002 census, the City of Skopje consisted of 506,926 inhabitants, while the only urban area contained only 444,800 inhabitants.

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24-24

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Ohrid Castle

Kalaja e Ohrit
guida

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Amuel’s Castle
It is mentioned for the first time by ancient Titian historian Lihnidos civilian walls in the 3rd century BC, while the greatest description dates from the 5th century when the castle was protected by tribal attacks during the Great Depression of Peoples. The castle was used both in Roman and Byzantine times, and during the period of the reign of Samuel, it expanded and greatly improved.

Today’s form originates from King Samuel’s time, and there are data on the destruction and repair of the castle by the Turks and Byzantines. Today, 18 towers and four gates of the castle are preserved, which is the protected sign of Ohrid. In the fortress are discovered many important items and embellishments of precious material, and the Hellenistic necropolis of the 5th century was found.

Amphitheater

In the language and spirit of antiquity, there is also an amphitheater in the old part of Ohrid. It is thought that it was built in the 3rd century BC. From this era and from the Middle Ages, many artifacts have been preserved. Today theater is a place where many events are held, among which and events within the Vera festival in Ohrid.

If you visit Ohrid during the summer and if you do not go to see a show in this theater, you will miss the only chance to feel the feeling this public had in the same places thousands of years ago.

 

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24-24

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KUMANOVO

Kumanovo
guide

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Most old neighborhood consist of shops and very few houses.

Veleshka Maalo (or Veleshko Maalo) is an old neighbourhood of Kumanovo. The name comes from the merchants from the town of Veles who passed through the neighbourhood to sell their products by the rivers Vardar and Pchinja, and the Konjarinja villages Studena, Bara and Krasta. The main street, which today is named Narodna Revolucija, was their shortest way to the center of the city.

Karapsko maalo was located across today’s south side of Goce Delchev High School through to the end of Mosha Pijade street. The name of the neighborhood came from the Ottomans. Every house in the neighborhood had a yard, neighboring yard were connected with doors, used by anyone chased by the Ottomans. Macedonians, komits and revolutionaries used this scheme to escape to the towns outskirts and the town itself. The Ottomans called it the dark or the secret neighborhood.

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24-24

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