The occurrence of Skopje at the Vardar River gives it a good geographical position. The eastern geographic length is 21º 26 ‘.
Skopje is located in the north of the Republic of Macedonia, in the center of the Balkans peninsula and halfway between Belgrade and Athens. The city was built in the Skopje valley, oriented to a western-eastern axis along the course of the Vardar River, which flows into the Aegean Sea in Greece. The valley is about 20 miles wide and is bordered by several rivers north and south. These restrictions limit the urban expansion of Skopje, which spreads along Vardar and Serava, a small river that comes from the north. In its administrative boundaries, the City of Skopje extends for more than 33 kilometers but is only 10 kilometers
Skopje is about 245 meters above sea level and covers 571.46 km2. The urbanized area covers only 337 km2, with a density of 65 inhabitants per hectare. Skopje, in its administrative boundaries, includes many villages and other settlements, including Dracevo, Gorno Nerezi and Bardovci. According to the 2002 census, the City of Skopje consisted of 506,926 inhabitants, while the only urban area contained only 444,800 inhabitants.