Skopje (Macedonian Скопје / Skopje) is the capital and largest city of Macedonia. During the Illyrian period Skopje was the capital of Dardania and was known as Scupi.
Albanians today account for about 33-35% of the population of Skopje.
The Skopje territory has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC; The remains of Neolithic settlements are found within the old Kale Castle that overlooks the city’s modern center (at Illyrian times). On the eve of the first century AD, the settlement was captured by the Romans and became a military camp.   When the Roman Empire was divided into the eastern and western half in 395 AD, Scupi was conquered by Byzantine rule by Constantinople. For the most part of the Middle Ages, the city was contested between the Byzantine and the Bulgarian Empire, whose capital was between 972 and 992. In 1392, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, called Üsküp. The city remained under Turkish control for more than 500 years, serving as the capital of Pashasanjak of Üsküb and later Vilayet tr Kosovo. At that time the city was famous for its oriental architecture. In 1912, it was annexed by the Serb army during the Balkan wars  and after the First World War the city became part of the newly-formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia’s Manner). In the second world war, the city was captured by the Bulgarian army, which was part of the Axis powers. In 1944 it became the capital of democratic Macedonia (later the Socialist Republic of Macedonia), which was a federal state, part of the Federal Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). The city developed rapidly after the Second World War, but this trend was interrupted in 1963 when it was hit by a devastating earthquake. In 1991, it became the capital of an independent Macedonia.
Skopje is located in the upstream Vardar River and is located on a large north-south Balkan road between Belgrade and Athina. It is a center for processing metals, chemicals, wood, textiles, leather, and printing industries. The city’s industrial development is accompanied by the development of the trade, logistics and banking sector, as well as an emphasis on transport, culture and sports. According to the latest official number from 2002, Skopje has a population of 506,926; According to the two most recent unofficial estimates, the city has a population of 668,518  or 491,000 inhabitants.  It is thought that over 35% are Albanian based on the number of pupils.